What does the Hupa tribe name mean?

Hupa (Yurok language term: Huep’oola’ / Huep’oolaa = “Hupa people”) are a Native American people of the Athabaskan-speaking ethnolinguistic group in northwestern California. Their endonym is Natinixwe, also spelled Natinook-wa, meaning “People of the Place Where the Trails Return”.

Who was the leader of the Hupa tribe?

American settlers first made contact with the Hupa Indians when they pushed into the Hoopa Valley in the mid 19th century in search of gold and furs. At this time, the tribe was lead by a chief known as Ahrookoos, a position that was granted based on wealth and that could be passed from father to son.

What celebration do the Hupa and Yurok still celebrate for 10 days every year?

Religion The Hupa celebrated annual World Renewal ceremonies, for which shamans performed secret rites and dances such as the White Deerskin Dance and the Jumping Dance. This ceremony was held in specific locations for ten days in late summer or fall.

How old is the Hupa tribe?

The Hupa tribe – or the Hoopa Valley tribe – originally migrated from the far north nearly one thousand years ago and settled in the Hoopa Valley, hence their name.

What are Hupa tribe house made of?

The Hupa built their houses from cedar or fir planks which they cut from logs. The planks were set upright in a rectangular shape surrounding a pit which had been dug to form the inside of the house. A lower spot in the middle of the pit was lined with stones so a fire could be built there.

What does the Hupa tribe look like?

Hupa men wore short deerskin kilts, and Hupa women wore longer skirts made of deerskin and grasses decorated with shells and beads. The Hupas usually went barefoot, but they did wear Indian moccasins on their feet while traveling. Here are some photos and links about the American Indian clothing in general.

What are Hupa Indians known for?

The Hupas were fishing people. Hupa men caught salmon and other fish. They also sometimes hunted deer and small game. Hupa women gathered acorns and ground them into meal to bake bread with, as well as collecting berries, nuts, and other plants.

What are Hupa traditions?

The recitation of magical formulas was an important part of traditional Hupa religion. Shamanism was also common; shamans’ fees were paid in dentalium shells or deerskin blankets. Three major dances were held annually for the benefit of the community, as were spring and fall ceremonial feasts.

What was the religion of the Hupa tribe?

What does the Hupa tribe eat?

The Hupa had numerous food resources in their territory. They got their meat from deer and elk found in the surrounding forest. Berries and nuts could be taken from many trees and bushes in the forests as well. The Trinity River provided various types of fish such as eel, salmon and sturgeon.

What clothes did the Hupa wear?

Hupa men wore short deerskin kilts, and Hupa women wore longer skirts made of deerskin and grasses decorated with shells and beads. Shirts were not necessary in the Hupa culture, but both men and women wore ponchos or deerskin robes in cool or rainy weather.