What is thyroid gland Slideshare?

THYROID GLAND • – The thyroid gland is the largest, butterfly-shaped endocrine glands & is located at the base of the neck immediately below the Larynx, on each side of & anterior to the trachea. • The thyroid gland consists of 2 types of cells: Follicular cells: These are more abundant, and the major secretory cells.

What are the function of thyroid gland?

The thyroid gland is a vital hormone gland: It plays a major role in the metabolism, growth and development of the human body. It helps to regulate many body functions by constantly releasing a steady amount of thyroid hormones into the bloodstream.

What is thyroid gland PDF?

Thyroid gland is a part of the body’s endocrine system. It is the largest organ specialized for endocrine function in human body. The gland is essential to normal body growth in infancy and childhood.

What is the anatomy of the thyroid gland?

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland that sits low on the front of the neck. Your thyroid lies below your Adam’s apple, along the front of the windpipe. The thyroid has two side lobes, connected by a bridge (isthmus) in the middle. When the thyroid is its normal size, you can’t feel it.

What is the lining epithelium of thyroid gland?

Thyroid follicles are lined by a single layer of thyroid follicular epithelium. Thyroid follicular epithelial cells are normally cuboidal, with moderate amounts of eosinophilic cytoplasm and round, hyperchromatic nuclei.

What are the parts of thyroid gland?

The thyroid gland lies in the front of your neck in a position just below your Adam’s apple. It is made up of two lobes – the right lobe and the left lobe, each about the size of a plum cut in half – and these two lobes are joined by a small bridge of thyroid tissue called the isthmus.

How is your thyroid checked?

Doctors may order one or more blood tests to check your thyroid function. Tests may include thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), T4, T3, and thyroid antibody tests. Thyroid blood tests check your thyroid function. For these tests, a health care professional will draw blood from your arm and send it to a lab for testing.

Why is my thyroid gland swollen?

The most common cause of thyroid enlargement is the nutritional deficiency of iodine required to produce thyroid hormones. If there is not enough iodine available, the thyroid gland reacts by becoming enlarged.

How do you assess the thyroid gland?

Ultrasound. Ultrasound of the thyroid is most often used to look for,or more closely at,thyroid nodules.

  • Thyroid scan. Health care professionals use a thyroid scan to look at the size,shape,and position of the thyroid gland.
  • Radioactive iodine uptake test.
  • How to assess thyroid gland?

    – Inspect the neck for the thyroid gland – Tip the patient’s head back a bit and use a tangential light directed downward from the tip of the patient’s chin – The gland should be located below the cricoid cartilage – Ask the patient to sip some water then extend the neck and swallow – Observe for upward movement of the thyroid gland (note contour and symmetry)

    How to help your thyroid gland?

    Cruciferous vegetables Eat them raw,cooked,or juiced. I know you’ve been advised not to eat them raw,but doesn’t it strike you as strange that plant foods with

  • Brazil nuts These are the richest dietary source of selenium,which is essential for thyroid health.
  • Sea vegetables Sea vegetables are rich in iodine.
  • Is a thyroid nodule and a goiter the same thing?

    A thyroid nodule is not the same thing as a goiter. Thyroid nodules are growths or lumps in the thyroid gland. A thyroid goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland. A goiter can be due to generalized enlargement of the thyroid gland, or the presence of multiple nodules. A thyroid nodule is a growth within the thyroid gland.