What was California called before?

Country United States
Before statehood Mexican Cession unorganized territory
Admitted to the Union September 9, 1850 (31st)
Capital Sacramento

Who lived in California first?

When Spanish navigator Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo became the first European to sight the region that is present-day California in 1542, there were about 130,000 Native Americans inhabiting the area.

Why was California founded?

With the Gold Rush came a huge increase in population and a pressing need for civil government. In 1849, Californians sought statehood and, after heated debate in the U.S. Congress arising out of the slavery issue, California entered the Union as a free, nonslavery state by the Compromise of 1850.

What are 5 historical facts about California?


  • Date of Statehood: September 9, 1850.
  • Capital: Sacramento.
  • Population: 37,253,956 (2010)
  • Size: 163,694 square miles.
  • Nickname(s): The Golden State; The Land of Milk and Honey; The El Dorado State; The Grape State.
  • Motto: Eureka (“I have found it”)
  • Tree: California Redwood.
  • Flower: Poppy.

What California means?

The word California may signify that it is a place that is hot in the manner of a lime kiln; both Spanish and Catalan have similar words taken from the Latin roots calcis (lime) and fornax (oven).

What is California known for?

California is known for:

  • Hollywood.
  • Silicon Valley.
  • Disneyland.
  • Surfing.
  • Less-than-ideal public transportation.
  • Wine country region.
  • Bad traffic.

What are 7 interesting facts about California?

7 Interesting Facts About California

  • 1. California Has an Extremely Diverse Population.
  • 2. California is Not Quite as Liberal as You’d Think.
  • Californians Don’t All Look Like They Do On TV.
  • San Francisco Can Be Very Cold, Even in the Summer.
  • Sacramento and The Central Valley are Very Hot in the Summer.

What is California historically famous for?

California is famous for the Golden Gate Bridge , Silicon Valley, Hollywood, sandy beaches, National Parks, amusement parks and mountains. The state is also known for being home to some famous and influential people such as Joe DiMaggio , Richard Nixon and Julia Child .

Who are some important people in California history?

Famous People from California Marcus Allen (1960 -) Football player. Shirley Temple Black (1928 – ) 1930s child actress and US ambassador to the United Nations; born in Santa Monica. Robert Bower (1936 – ) Inventor; born in Santa Monica.

Who were the first people to live in California?

The Miwok Indians were the first people of California. In a beautiful and pristine land they lived a peaceful existence for thousands of years.

What was the early history of California?

California portal. The history of California can be divided into: the Native American period; European exploration period from 1542 to 1769; the Spanish colonial period, 1769 to 1821; the Mexican period, 1821 to 1848; and United States statehood, from September 9, 1850 (in Compromise of 1850) which continues to this present day.