What causes Intratonsillar abscess?

The exact etiology of intratonsillar abscess is obscure. Two major mechanisms postulated in previous studies are extension of a crypt abscess directly into the tonsillar tissue & bacterial seeding into the tonsil through lymphatic or blood borne spread [4].

What is Peritonsillar cellulitis?

Peritonsillar cellulitis – Peritonsillar cellulitis is an inflammatory reaction of the tissue between the capsule of the palatine tonsil and the pharyngeal muscles that is caused by infection, but not associated with a discrete collection of pus. An alternate term for cellulitis is phlegmon.

What causes parapharyngeal abscess?

Parapharyngeal abscesses are incorporated into a group of infections known as deep neck infections. 1, 2 These infections generally occur due to nontraumatic reasons in young children, such as a prior throat infection or an infection of dental origin that has seeded into the deeper tissue structures and lymph nodes.

How do you test for Peritonsillar abscess?

A doctor will examine the mouth and throat to diagnose a peritonsillar abscess. They can usually identify this condition with a visual inspection. To aid in the examination, the doctor will likely use a small light and a tongue depressor. Swelling and redness on one tonsil may suggest an abscess.

Are tonsil cysts common?

Tonsil cysts have long been researched as clinically common occurrences. However, most are noncancerous (benign) and don’t cause any noticeable symptoms.

What happens if peritonsillar abscess bursts?

Swollen tissues can block the airway. This is a life-threatening medical emergency. The abscess can break open (rupture) into the throat. The content of the abscess can travel into the lungs and cause pneumonia.

How do you get peritonsillar cellulitis?

Most peritonsillar abscesses are caused by the same bacteria that cause strep throat. Sometimes, other types of bacteria are involved. Peritonsillar abscesses usually happen as a complication of tonsillitis. If the infection breaks out of a tonsil and gets into the space around it, an abscess can form.

How is a parapharyngeal abscess treated?

Treatment of Parapharyngeal Abscess Treatment may require airway control. Parenteral broad-spectrum antibiotics (eg, ceftriaxone, clindamycin) and surgical drainage are generally needed. Posterior abscesses are drained externally through the submaxillary fossa.

How do you drain a parapharyngeal abscess?

Posterior abscesses are drained externally through the submaxillary fossa. Anterior abscesses can often be drained through an intra-oral incision, although larger abscesses extending beyond the parapharyngeal space may also require an external surgical approach.