WHAT IS routing protocol in wireless sensor network?

The routing protocol is a process to select suitable path for the data to travel from source to destination. The process encounters several difficulties while selecting the route, which depends upon, type of network, channel characteristics and the performance metrics.

What are two different types of routing protocols?

Although there are many types of routing protocols, three major classes are in widespread use on IP networks:

  • Interior gateway protocols type 1, link-state routing protocols, such as OSPF and IS-IS.
  • Interior gateway protocols type 2, distance-vector routing protocols, such as Routing Information Protocol, RIPv2, IGRP.

What are three different network routing protocols?

Routing protocols are mechansims by which routing information is exchanged between routers so that routing decisions can be made. In the Internet, there are three types of routing protocols commonly used. They are: distance vector, link state, and path vector.

Can multicast be routed?

Much like broadcast, there are special addresses designated for multicast data. The difference is that some of these can be routed, and used on the Internet. The multicast space reserved by IANA is 224.0.

Why MAC protocol is used in WSN?

The MAC layer is responsible for the establishment of a reliable and efficient communication link between WSN nodes and is responsible for energy waste. This technique enables dividing collisions from weak signals and takes appropriate decisions to reduce energy consumption.

In what way does geographical routing differ from other routing?

Geographic routing (also called georouting or position-based routing) is a routing principle that relies on geographic position information. Geographic routing requires that each node can determine its own location and that the source is aware of the location of the destination. …

What is the difference between routing and routed protocols?

You must know the difference between a “routed” protocol and a “routing protocol”. A routed protocol is a protocol by which data can be routed. A routing protocol, on the other hand, is only used between routers. Its purpose is to help routers building and maintain routing tables.

Which routing protocols use multicast?

Routing protocols (RIPv2, EIGRP, and OSPF) use multicast addresses to speak to their neighbors. For example, OSPF routers use 224.0. 0.6 to speak to the designated router (DR) in a multiaccess network.

What is multicasting routing protocols?

A multicast routing protocol manages group membership and controls the path that multicast data takes over the network. Examples of multicast routing protocols include: Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM), Multicast Open Shortest Path First (MOSPF), and Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (DVMRP).

What are routed protocols?

Important to share that Routed protocols are routed by Routing protocols to gather routing information for networks. Some examples of routed protocols are IP, AppleTalk, and IPX. Routing protocols are used to distribute routing information across routers on a network.

What is the importance of routing protocol in WSN?

The performance, service and reliability of a network mostly depend on the selection of good routing protocol. Protocols being used in Wireless sensor networks and ad hoc networks must be round-free. The routing protocols in WSN are classified in many different ways.

What are the protocols used in wireless sensor networks?

Protocols being used in Wireless sensor networks and ad hoc networks must be round-free. The routing protocols in WSN are classified in many different ways. The categories of routing protocols are network based organization, operation and route discovery.

How is data routed from one sensor node to another?

These sensor nodes have some constraints due to their limited energy, storage capacity and computing power. Data are routed from one node to other using different routing protocols. There are a number of routing protocols for wireless sensor networks.