Why did Rita Levi-Montalcini get a Nobel Prize?

Rita Levi-Montalcini, (born April 22, 1909, Turin, Italy—died December 30, 2012, Rome), Italian American neurologist who, with biochemist Stanley Cohen, shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1986 for her discovery of a bodily substance that stimulates and influences the growth of nerve cells.

Who is Dr Rita Levi-Montalcini?

Rita Levi-Montalcini, a Nobel Prize-winning neurologist who discovered critical chemical tools that the body uses to direct cell growth and build nerve networks, opening the way for the study of how those processes can go wrong in diseases like dementia and cancer, died on Sunday at her home in Rome. She was 103.

Is Rita Levi-Montalcini still alive?

Deceased (1909–2012)
Rita Levi-Montalcini/Living or Deceased

When did Rita Levi-Montalcini won Nobel Prize?

The 1986 Nobel Prize for medicine or physiology was shared by Rita Levi-Montalcini and Stanley Cohen (1922-) for discoveries of fundamental importance in understanding the mechanisms that regulate the growth of cells and organs.

What did Rita Levi discover?

Rita Levi-Montalcini began her scientific career in danger, as a Jew in Fascist Italy. She ended it in triumph, as the neuroembryologist who co-discovered nerve growth factor, a prominent figure in Italian politics, and an active researcher and mentor until her death at the age of 103.

Who is the oldest living Nobel Laureate?

At 97, this year’s Chemistry Laureate John Goodenough becomes the oldest person to receive a Nobel Prize.

Did Rita Levi-Montalcini have any siblings?

Paola Levi-Montalcini
Gino Levi-MontalciniAnna Levi-Montalcini
Rita Levi-Montalcini/Siblings

What did Rita Levi-Montalcini invent?

nerve growth factor
The discovery of nerve growth factor (NGF) by Rita Levi-Montalcini in the 1950s represents an important milestone in the processes that led to modern cell biology. NGF was the first growth factor identified, for its action on the morphological differentiation of neural-crest-derived nerve cells.

What did Rita Levi-Montalcini win?

In 1986 Rita Levi-Montalcini and Stanley Cohen shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, highlighting the importance of their work and the immeasurable effects it has had on multiple fields of scientific research. Rita Levi-Montalcini had an incredible career, and NGF is only part of the story.

How did Rita Levi-Montalcini change the world?

For example, she founded and was the first director of the Institute of Cell Biology in Rome. She founded the European Brain Research Institute in 2002. She also established the Rita Levi-Montalcini Foundation, to provide African women “with the tools for a full development of their capabilities.”

How was NGF discovered?

NGF was discovered through a series of experiments in the 1950s on the development of the chick nervous system. Since its discovery, NGF has been found to act in a variety of tissues throughout development and adulthood. Mouse sarcoma 180 was discovered to have nerve growth properties.