How is the Enlightenment different from the Renaissance?

The Enlightenment came much later, but it wouldn’t really have been possible without the Renaissance and the Reformation. Unlike the Renaissance philosophers, they no longer sought validation in the texts of the Greco-Roman philosophers, but were predicated more solidly on rationalism and empiricism.

What was the main cause of the emergence of sociology?

The Enlightenment was a significant contributing factor to the emergence of sociology in the late 18th and early 19th century. The Enlightenment is considered to be the source of critical ideas, such as the centrality freedom, democracy, and reason as primary values of society.

What did most Enlightenment philosophers believe?

These thinkers valued reason, science, religious tolerance, and what they called “natural rights”—life, liberty, and property. Enlightenment philosophers John Locke, Charles Montesquieu, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau all developed theories of government in which some or even all the people would govern.

How did the Renaissance and the Reformation contribute to the Enlightenment?

In what ways did the Renaissance and the Reformation influence the Enlightenment? Like Renaissance humanists and Protestants during the Reformation, Enlightenment thinkers rejected authority and upheld the freedom of individuals to think for themselves.

What are the three main factors leading to the emergence of sociology?

Later, when man was confronted with complexities of social life, it became necessary to establish a separate discipline for the study of society. The social, economic, political and intellectual background of the 18th century Europe facilitated the emergence of sociology.

What social and political factors led to the development of sociology?

Factors that led to the development of sociology are industrial revolution, imperialism and the success of natural sciences. Sociology is the scientific study of human social life, societies and groupings.

Why is the Enlightenment important for the development of sociology class 11?

The Enlightenment is important for the development of sociology because it helped in the development of secular, scientific and humanistic attitudes of mind during the late 17th and 18th centuries. Thus, it helped sociology to grow as a rational and scientific subject with critical analysis.

How did the Renaissance lead to the Enlightenment?

The humanist root of the Enlightenment can be found in the Renaissance. The Renaissance was a cultural movement that took place in Europe between the 14th-17th centuries. The word renaissance means ‘rebirth. The Scientific Revolution helped lead directly to the Enlightenment.

What do the Renaissance and the Enlightenment have in common?

The Renaissance was the “rebirth” (that’s literally what it means) of classical ideas. The Enlightenment was about social standing and government. The Renaissance was very influential on the years after it because it sparked the ideas of the Age of Exploration, Reformation, Scientific Revolution, and Enlightenment.