When was Aristotle died?

322 BC

What is Aristotle’s view on human nature?

According to Aristotle, all human functions contribute to eudaimonia, ‘happiness’. Happiness is an exclusively human good; it exists in rational activity of soul conforming to virtue. This rational activity is viewed as the supreme end of action, and so as man’s perfect and self-sufficient end.

What does it mean to be human Aristotle?

According to Aristotle, human beings have a natural desire and capacity to know and understand the truth, to pursue moral excellence, and to instantiate their ideals in the world through action.

Why is Aristotle famous?

Aristotle was one of the greatest philosophers who ever lived and the first genuine scientist in history. He made pioneering contributions to all fields of philosophy and science, he invented the field of formal logic, and he identified the various scientific disciplines and explored their relationships to each other.

What is the meaning of golden mean?

The age-old principle known as The Golden Mean holds that virtue lies between the extremes. If you can travel the middle path of moderation and temperance, goodness and beauty will accompany you.

What happen if you subtract 1 from the golden ratio?

The golden ratio is the only number whose square can be produced simply by adding 1 and whose reciprocal by subtracting 1. If you take a golden rectangle – one whose length-to-breadth is in the golden ratio – and snip out a square, what remains is another, smaller golden rectangle.

Why does Aristotle say that virtue is a mean or intermediate?

That moral virtue is a mean, then, and in what sense it is so, and that it is a mean between two vices, the one involving excess, the other deficiency, and that it is such because its character is to aim at what is intermediate in passions and in actions, has been sufficiently stated.

What differences exist between Aristotle’s Golden Mean and an absolute mean?

THE GOLDEN MEAN IN ARISTOTLE’S NICOMACHEAN ETHICS Each moral virtue is a mean or lies between extremes of pleasure or of action — doing or feeling too much or too little. The absolute mean is different from the mean as it is relative to the individual.

What is the good life by Aristotle?

Aristotle argues that what separates human beings from the other animals is the human reason. So the good life is one in which a person cultivates and exercises their rational faculties by, for instance, engaging in scientific inquiry, philosophical discussion, artistic creation, or legislation.