What are the symptoms of TBE?

Symptoms of TBE

  • fever.
  • fatigue or tiredness.
  • headache.
  • muscle aches.
  • nausea/feeling sick.

How is tick-borne encephalitis treated?

There is no specific drug therapy for TBE. Meningitis, encephalitis, or meningoencephalitis requires hospitalization and supportive care based on syndrome severity. Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as corticosteroids, may be considered under specific circumstances for symptomatic relief.

Can you recover from tick-borne encephalitis?

Most patients with TBE encephalitis will recover but up to one third will suffer long-term complications of the disease. There is no specific treatment for TBE once you are infected but there is an effective vaccine that prevents infection.

Is there a vaccine for tick-borne encephalitis?

TICOVACâ„¢is the only FDA-approved vaccine to help protect U.S. adults and children against the TBE virus when visiting or living in TBE endemic areas.

Is tick-borne encephalitis the same as Lyme disease?

How are the Two Diseases Transmitted? Lyme disease is caused by bacterium while a virus causes tickborne encephalitis. Both tickborne encephalitis and Lyme disease are transmitted principally by ticks.

What diseases may be used for differential diagnosis of tick-borne encephalitis?

Differentiating between tick-borne encephalitis and other tick-borne diseases

Disease Symptoms
Bacterial Infection
Borreliosis (Lyme Disease) Flu-like illness, fatigue, fever, arthritis, neuroborreliosis, cranial nerve palsy, carditis and erythema migrans.

Which tick disease can lead to meningoencephalitis?

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a viral infectious disease involving the central nervous system. The disease most often manifests as meningitis, encephalitis or meningoencephalitis.

Can a tick bite affect your brain?

Tick-borne encephalitis is a disease just as nasty as it sounds. Once bitten by an infected tick, some people develop flu-like symptoms that resolve quietly but leave behind rampant neurological disease — brain swelling, memory loss, and cognitive decline.

Which countries have tick-borne encephalitis?

Countries with increased numbers of reported TBE cases include Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Czech Republic and Slovenia; TBE is also prevalent in the Russian Federation (Fig. 1). The Far Eastern and Siberian strain of the disease cause a more severe form of the disease than the central European strains.

What is tick-borne encephalitis?

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is an important viral infection of the central nervous system in Europe and in several regions in Asia. It is caused by the Far-Eastern, Siberian and European subtype of tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV).

What are the signs and symptoms of meningitis?

Signs and Symptoms. These patients may experience a clinical illness that involves the central nervous system with symptoms of meningitis (e.g., fever, headache, and a stiff neck), encephalitis (e.g., drowsiness, confusion, sensory disturbances, and/or motor abnormalities such as paralysis), or meningoencephalitis.

What is differentdifferential diagnosis in tick-borne diseases?

Differential diagnosis comprises also other tick-borne diseases such as Lyme borreliosis, babesiosis, human granulocytic anaplasmosis, tick-transmitted rickettsioses, and tularemia [ 20 ]. In many endemic regions TBEV geographically overlaps with bacterial tick-borne pathogens such as Anaplasma phagocytophilum and B. burgdorferi s.l.

What is the incubation period for bacterial meningitis?

The incubation period of TBE is usually between 7 and 14 days and is asymptomatic. Shorter incubation times have been reported after milk-borne exposure. In contrast to Far-eastern TBE, European TBE is more severe in adults than in children where meningitis is more frequently observed.