What is Iris staging in dogs?

The IRIS system allows stable CKD in dogs and cats to be staged on the basis of fasting blood creatinine concentration and/or blood SDMA concentration and further characterized according to renal proteinuria and systemic arterial blood pressure.

How do you stage a dog with kidney failure?

By the time a dog experiences renal failure, the disease has advanced and you may notice such signs as:

  1. Blood in urine.
  2. Lethargy.
  3. Pale gums.
  4. Ulcers in the mouth.
  5. Intestinal seizures.
  6. Significant weight loss.
  7. Drunken behavior or uncoordinated movement such as stumbling.
  8. Significant decrease in appetite.

What is normal range for SDMA in dogs?

0–14 µg/dL
What is the reference interval for the IDEXX SDMA Test and how was it established? The reference interval for dogs and cats is the same: 0–14 µg/dL.

What is CKD Iris?

Staging of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is undertaken following the diagnosis of CKD in order to facilitate appropriate treatment and monitoring of the patient. Staging is based initially on fasting blood creatinine, assessed on at least two occasions in the stable patient.

What is stage 2 kidney disease in dogs?

Stage 2 CKD Patients Identify and treat any primary renal disease or complicating condition, which is still an important goal in Stage 2 CKD. Dogs and cats with mid to late Stage 2 CKD often have progressive loss of renal function, although the rate of renal disease progression can be variable.

What is a kidney friendly diet for dogs?

These diets are formulated to help dogs with CKD avoid metabolic acidosis and are available from your veterinarian. Examples include Hill’s® Prescription Diet® k/d®, Royal Canin® Veterinary Diet Canine Renal Support, Purina® ProPlan® Veterinary Diet NF Kidney Function®, and Rayne Clinical Nutrition™ Adult Health-RSS™.

What is Stage 3 kidney failure in dogs?

After approximately 2/3 of the kidney tissue is destroyed, there is a rapid rise in waste products in the bloodstream and an apparent sudden onset of severe disease. The clinical signs of more advanced kidney failure include loss of appetite, depression, vomiting, diarrhea, and very bad breath.