Who passed the Indian Act?

The act was passed by the Parliament of Canada under the provisions of Section 91(24) of the Constitution Act, 1867, which provides Canada’s federal government exclusive authority to govern in relation to “Indians and Lands Reserved for Indians”.

Is the Indian Act still in effect?

Indian Act, 1876. The most important single act affecting First Nations is the Indian Act, passed by the federal government of the new Dominion of Canada in 1876 and still in existence today.

How can you lose Indian status?

Initially, any Indians who obtained a university degree and/or became a professional such as a doctor or lawyer would automatically lose their status. The same process would occur for any Indian who served in the armed forces, or any status Indian woman who married a non-status man.

Why legal paper is green?

Green paper, also known as “legal paper”, is thicker and more damaging to the environment, say experts. Use of such paper also pinches litigants’ pockets; a 500-sheet pack of green paper costs Rs 310 but a similar one of A4 sheets comes for Rs 200. The initial notification for this change came on January 20.

How is a white paper different from a research paper?

A white paper is generally a report that outlines a complex issue and sometimes also explores possible solutions to a problem. While a white paper can help journalists get up to speed quickly on a public policy issue, they should be aware that some white papers advocate a specific position or policy change.

What was the red paper written in response to?

The Red Paper was adopted by the National Indian Brotherhood as the official response to the White Paper. treaty rights that First Nations people signed with the Crown over a century prior to 1970.

Did the Indian Act created residential schools?

In the 1880s, in conjunction with other federal assimilation policies, the government began to establish residential schools across Canada. In 1920, under the Indian Act, it became mandatory for every Indian child to attend a residential school and illegal for them to attend any other educational institution.

Who presented the red paper to the federal government?

Harold Cardinal

Article by Ian A.L. Getty
Updated by Michelle Filice

What group presented the red paper?

Indian Association of Alberta

What is the purpose of a Green Paper?

Green Papers are consultation documents produced by the Government. The aim of this document is to allow people both inside and outside Parliament to give the department feedback on its policy or legislative proposals.

What was the double mother clause?

“Double mother clause” This clause in Bill C-31 mandated that the greatgrandchildren of Status Indian women who married non-Status men would not be considered Status Indians themselves.

Who benefits from the Indian Act?

According to section 5 of the Indian Act , Indigenous Services Canada (ISC) is responsible for maintaining the Register. Registered Indians, also known as status Indians, have certain rights and benefits not available to non-status Indians, Métis, Inuit or other Canadians.

What is the Indian Act simple?

The Indian Act was created in 1876. The main goal of the Act was to force the First Nations peoples to lose their culture and become like Euro-Canadians. The Indian Act was created in 1876. The main goal of the Act was to force the First Nations peoples to lose their culture and become like Euro-Canadians.

Why was the Indian Act passed?

The Indian Act, which was enacted in 1876 and has since been amended, allows the government to control most aspects of aboriginal life: Indian status, land, resources, wills, education, band administration and so on. In its previous versions, the Indian Act clearly aimed to assimilate First Nations.

What was the purpose of the red paper?

The Red Paper calls the Government of Canada to recognize the Numbered Treaties as binding and valid legal documents, demanding that the Government has a responsibility to not only maintain such doctrines but also to “incorporate the treaties in updated terms in an amendment to the Canadian Constitution.”

Why was the White Paper rejected?

Aboriginal peoples rejected the white paper not because they were completely in favor of the Indian Act but because, for them, giving up the Indian Act meant surrendering any existing legislative claims to special Aboriginal rights; there were no other policy documents but the Indian Act that ensured such rights for …

What were the rules of the Indian Act?

It forbade First Nations peoples and communities from expressing their identities through governance and culture. The Act replaced traditional structures of governance with band council elections. Hereditary chiefs — leaders who acquire power through descent rather than election — are not recognized by the Indian Act.

What is a red paper?

red paper definition, red paper meaning | English dictionary 1 a substance made from cellulose fibres derived from rags, wood, etc., often with other additives, and formed into flat thin sheets suitable for writing on, decorating walls, wrapping, etc.