How do you size a cartridge heater?

Determining Fit – At high watt densities, a close fit is important. The fit is the difference between the minimum diameter of the heater and the maximum diameter of the hole. For example, 1/2″ diameter Type CIR cartridge heater is actually 0.498″ plus 0.000″ minus 0.005″.

What are cartridge heaters used for?

Applications That Use Cartridge Heaters These heaters are used to heat metal molds, platens, dies, and various metal parts in the metalworking industry.

Why do cartridge heaters fail?

The most common cause of cartridge heater failure is an improper fit in the hole into which it is inserted. If the heater cannot dissipate the heat being generated by contact with the sheath, the temperature inside the heater will continue to rise until the MGO or resistance wire breaks down and the heater fails.

What is a swaged cartridge heater?

Swaged Cartridge Heater Design Swaging is a process that mechanically forces the heater through a confining die to reduce its diameter and thus compact the powdered MgO to rock-like consistency for greater thermal conductivity. This compressed MGO transfers the heat from the resistance wire much more efficiently.

How do I choose a cartridge heater?

How to choose a cartridge heater?

  1. Determine the Gap. The gap is the difference between the minimum diameter of the heater and the maximum diameter of the hole.
  2. Determine the Watt Density. Watt density is the heat flow rate or surface loading.
  3. Power=Watt density(W/cm²)*Heat section(cm)*Norminal heater dia*3.1416.

How efficient are cartridge heaters?

Watt-Flex High Temperature Cartridge Heaters The split-sheath design and highly specialized manufacturing techniques of the Watt-Flex cartridge heater reduce your total cost of process heating by an average of 40% over other heaters.

How do you test a cartridge heater?

Make sure the hot ends are not hot, and then turn off the Gigabot and unplug it from the outlet. Remove heater wire connection from the back plate and unplug. Use a multimeter set to “Ω” to measure the resistance of the heater cartridges in ohms.

How are cartridge heaters made?

A standard cartridge heater has nichrome wire heater coils that are weaved through holes in the ceramic tubing. Pure magnesium oxide filler is vibrated into the holes, heating the coils to allow maximum heat transfer to the stainless-steel sheath.

How do you calculate wattage needed?

The formula for calculating wattage is: W (joules per second) = V (joules per coulomb) x A (coulombs per second) where W is watts, V is volts, and A is amperes of current. In practical terms, wattage is the power produced or used per second. For example, a 60-watt light bulb uses 60 joules per second.

How hot is 800 Watts?

700 Watts in microwave >> like cooking at 350 degrees 800 Watts >> 450 degrees 900 Watts >> 525 degrees (Self clean) 1000 Watts >> 575 degrees 1100 Watts >> 625 degrees (Blow torch!!)