What do late decelerations indicate?

Late decelerations are one of the precarious decelerations among the three types of fetal heart rate decelerations during labor. They are caused by decreased blood flow to the placenta and can signify an impending fetal acidemia.

What causes late decelerations in FHR?

Causes of “late decelerations” or the drop in heart rate with uterine contraction are known to be : uteroplacental insuffiency ( not enough oxygen to the baby), amniotic fluid infection which can occur due to excessively long labor is permitted after the water has been broken, low maternal blood pressure, complications …

What are early and late decelerations?

Late Decelerations A deceleration is a decrease in the fetal heart rate below the fetal baseline heart rate. An early deceleration is defined as a waveform with a gradual decrease and return to baseline with time from onset of the deceleration to the lowest point of the deceleration >30 seconds.

Can Oxytocin cause late decelerations?

When uterine hypertonus developed during oxytocin infusion 50 per cent of fetuses, including 5 of 7 fetuses subjected to tetanic contrac- tions, developed late decelerations. Most fetuses who developed late decelerations had normal heart rate patterns before treatment.

What causes variable decelerations?

Common causes of variable decelerations include vagal reflex triggered by head compression during pushing and cord compression such as that caused by short cord, nuchal cord, body entanglement, prolapsed cord, decreased amniotic fluid, and fetal descent.

What do late decelerations indicate ATI?

Believed to be an abnormal FHR pattern, late decelerations indicate a reduction in heart rate, usually after a uterine contraction. Once deceleration starts, it takes about 20 to 30 seconds to reach its lowest point.

What do late decelerations indicate select all that apply?

Prolonged decelerations indicate cord compression and early decelerations indicate head compressions.

What are interventions for late decelerations?

Late decelerations treatment and management

  • Lie down in the left lateral, knee-chest, or right lateral position to relieve compression of the large vein (or vena cava) by your pregnant uterus.
  • Your doctor might administer oxygen in response to late decelerations.

What are reflex and non reflex late decelerations?

Two varieties of late decelerations have been described, reflex and nonreflex. Reflex late decelerations are those which occur in the presence of normal FHR variability, whereas non-reflex late decelerations occur in association with diminished or absent FHR variability.

What is an early late deceleration?

A late deceleration is a slowing of the fetal heart rate during a contraction, with the rate only returning to the baseline 30 seconds or more after the contraction has ended. They are present with every contraction. Also, are early decelerations normal?

What causes late deceleration in a fetus?

Late decelerations occur when a fall in the level of oxygen in the fetal blood triggers chemoreceptors in the fetus to cause reflex constriction of blood vessels in nonvital peripheral areas in order to divert more blood flow to vital organs such as the adrenal glands, heart, and brain.

What is a prolonged deceleration?

A “prolonged” deceleration is one that lasts for more than 2 minutes. Three types of decelerations are described: early, variable, and late.