Who is at risk for chest pain?

The risk factors are male gender age greater than 50 years, family history, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, smoking, cocaine use. Aortic dissection. To suffer hereditary connective tissue diseases or other diseases that weaken the aortic artery wall, advanced age, and hypertension.

What is an acceptable risk of major adverse cardiac event in chest pain patients soon after discharge from the emergency department Clinical survey?

In a survey of ED physicians, the acceptable risk for major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (death/MI) soon after discharge was <0.5%.

What percentage of patients with chest pain have ACS?

The great majority of these patients (83%) are discharged with a non-cardiac cause of the chest pain (unspecified chest pain in 48% and other non-cardiac causes in 35%). Of the patients who are admitted to hospital, on average only 25% (range 12.2–59.1%) have a final diagnosis of an ACS.

What are the risk factors for developing angina?

The following risk factors increase your risk of coronary artery disease and angina:

  • Tobacco use.
  • Diabetes.
  • High blood pressure.
  • High blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels.
  • Family history of heart disease.
  • Older age.
  • Lack of exercise.
  • Obesity.

What is risk stratification of patients?

• Risk Stratification is defined as a ongoing process of assigning. all patients in a practice a particular risk status – risk status is. based on data reflecting vital health indicators, lifestyle and. medical history of your adult or pediatric populations.

What is low risk stratification?

Low-risk. This group includes patients who are stable or healthy. These patients have minor conditions that can be easily managed. The care model for this group aims to keep them healthy and engaged in the health care system, without the use of unnecessary services. POPULATION HEALTH MANAGEMENT.

What is modified heart score?

The HS incorporates elements of the history, ECG, age, risk factors, and cardiac troponin (cTn) levels of patients to yield a lowest score of 0 (very low risk) up to a score of 10 (very high risk). Studies have demonstrated that an HS≤3 suggests a low-risk patient.

How do you rule out ACS?


  1. Electrocardiogram (ECG). Electrodes attached to your skin measure the electrical activity in your heart.
  2. Blood tests. Certain enzymes may be detected in the blood if cell death has resulted in damage to heart tissue.

Who is susceptible to stable angina?

Age (greater for men over 45 years and women over 55 years) Family history of heart disease. Stress and anxiety.

What are the risk factors of chest pain?

Digestive: Heartburn,esophageal spasm,hiatal hernia,achalasia,etc.

  • Musculoskeletal: Costochondritis,sore muscle,pinched nerves.
  • Psychiatric: Anxiety,depressed,panic disorder,etc.
  • Can heart score risk-stratify patients with chest pain?

    HEART score to risk stratify patients with chest pain is safe but underutilized in the ED . It is safe for physicians to use the HEART (History, ECG, Age, Risk factors, and initial Troponin) score to make decisions about admission, observation, or discharge in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain.

    What to do for patients with chest pain?

    Chest pain can be caused by acute pericarditis, perhaps following a viral illness. In this condition, chest pain radiates to the back, neck, or shoulders and often worsens when the patient inhales. It improves if the patient sits upright or leans forward. The pain is traditionally accompanied by dyspnea and fever.