What is the extent of Indus Valley civilization?

about 1,300,000 sq km
The Harappan civilisation extended from Baluchistan and Sindh (present-day Pakistan) to Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab and parts of western Uttar Pradesh. The civilisation approximately covered about 1,300,000 sq km.

What was discovered in the Indus Valley civilization?

Inhabitants of the ancient Indus River valley developed new techniques in handicraft, including Carnelian products and seal carving, and metallurgy with copper, bronze, lead, and tin. Sir John Hubert Marshall led an excavation campaign in 1921-1922, during which he discovered the ruins of the city of Harappa.

How was the Indus Valley civilization destroyed?

Some historians believed the Indus civilisation was destroyed in a large war. Hindu poems called the Rig Veda (from around 1500 BC) describe northern invaders conquering the Indus Valley cities. It’s more likely that the cities collapsed after natural disasters.

What is the importance of the discovery of the Indus Valley sites?


Important Sites of IVC
Site Excavated by Important Findings
Kalibangan Ghose in 1953 Fire altar Camel bones Wooden plough
Lothal R.Rao in 1953 First manmade port Dockyard Rice husk Fire altars Chess playing
Surkotada J.P Joshi in 1964 Bones of horses Beads

How were the Indus cities divided?

Most cities of the Indus Valley civilisation were divided into two parts, i.e. the citadel and the lower town. Dholavira was different from most Indus cities as it was divided into three parts, i.e. the citadel, a middle town and a lower town. These parts were enclosed by stone walls.

What are the causes of decay and disappearance of the Harappan civilization?

After 1500 years of prominence, the Harappan culture gradually declined to the point of extinction….Top 6 Cause of Decline of the Harappan Culture

  • Law of Nature:
  • Floods:
  • Earthquakes:
  • Change of the Course of the Indus:
  • Plague:
  • Foreign Invasion:

Why is Rakhigarhi important?

Bigger than Mohenjo-daro, claims expert. The discovery of two more mounds in January at the Harappan site of Rakhigarhi in Hisar district, Haryana, has led to archaeologists establishing it as the biggest Harappan civilisation site.

What did the Indus Civilization do?

The Indus cities are noted for their urban planning, a technical and political process concerned with the use of land and design of the urban environment. They are also noted for their baked brick houses, elaborate drainage systems, water supply systems, and clusters of large, nonresidential buildings.

Who destroyed Indus civilization?

The Indus Valley Civilization may have met its demise due to invasion. According to one theory by British archaeologist Mortimer Wheeler, a nomadic, Indo-European tribe, called the Aryans, suddenly overwhelmed and conquered the Indus River Valley.

Why is Indus Valley civilization important?

Key Points The Indus River Valley Civilization, also known as Harappan civilization, developed the first accurate system of standardized weights and measures, some as accurate as to 1.6 mm. Harappans created sculpture, seals, pottery, and jewelry from materials, such as terracotta, metal, and stone.

What were the two parts of the Indus Valley?

How was the Indus Valley civilization discovered?

The famous cities of the mature Indus Valley Civilization were discovered accidentally in the mid-nineteenth century during the construction of a railroad by British engineers John and William Brunton.

What caused the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization?

With the reduced production of goods, there would have been a decline in trade with Egypt and Mesopotamia. By around 1700 BCE, most of the Indus Valley Civilization cities had been abandoned. What do you think?

What are some achievements of the Indus River Valley Civilization?

The people of the Indus River Valley Civilization achieved many notable advances in technology, including great accuracy in their systems and tools for measuring length and mass.

How many cities were there in the Indus Valley Civilization?

These cities include Harappa, Ganeriwala, and Mohenjo-daro in modern-day Pakistan and Dholavira, Kalibangan, Rakhigarhi, Rupar, and Lothal in modern-day India. In total, more than 1,052 cities and settlements have been found, mainly in the general region of the Indus River and its tributaries.